Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Why visit Costa Rica?

Although Costa Rica is a small country, it has a great biological value and a huge diversity of habitats due to the convergence of the two hemispheres, two oceans and its geography variant. This creates a great variety of landscapes for the traveler. Costa Rica has a chain of mountains, which form a ‘spine’ throughout the country.

Starting in the north with the Cordillera de Guanacaste, it continues to the Cordillera de Tilarán (where Monteverde and Arenal are located), the Cordillera Central (Irazú, Poas Braulio Carrillo) and ends in the Cordillera de Talamanca (being the highest in the country ).

While the Pacific Coast has at least 1016 km, the Caribbean only has 212 km. In the Pacific Peninsulas of abrupt terrain are located. There are two great gulfs, and many silts and bays. Two large ports are located in the Pacific: The Port of Puntarenas and Puerto Caldera. In the Caribbean, there is a natural harbor located in Moín, in the Limón area. This is the largest plains area (one fifth of Costa Rica approximately), which extends from the northern coastal line to almost Limón.

Costa Rica lies in the tropics between 8 and 11 degrees north on the Equator line. Temperatures are moderate, but the geographical forms of the mountains create a variety of microclimates. Most visitors are surprised to learn that ice and frost can form on high peaks, such as Cerro Chirripó. Temperatures are a little higher in the Pacific than in the Caribbean (although both regions are at the same altitude above sea level), this is because the Caribbean basin is usually more cloudy throughout the year. Above sea level on both coasts, the average annual temperature is about 24º C. Some of the higher hills reach temperatures of 12º C on average, and can also reach temperatures below the freezing point.

There is no spring and autumn in Costa Rica. The seasons are called summer and winter, although in reality they should be called Dry Epoch (from December to April) and Rainy Epoch (from May to November). The differences between the temperatures ocsilan between 8º C and 10º C. From November to January, there are cold breezes coming from the north directed by the mountains of North America, causing a small drop in temperature. Costa Rica is one of the few countries in the world where the polar view is so close to the equator. The warmest months are March, April and May and the rainiest months are September and October. The rains vary from less than 1500 mm to 4800 mm in the rainy months. The average rain pattern in the country is in a range from 2000 mm to 4000 mm. The precipitations can be presented as downpours with impressive lightning and thunder, constant rain or a storm (constant light rain for several days)

Even in the rainy season, it does not usually rain all day every day. It usually starts to rain early after noon, this in the Central Valley and other high altitude areas. In the Pacific lowlands it starts to rain later in the afternoon. Each station has its unique characteristics. In the rainy season the flora is abundant, with vibrant life that reaches the soul. The dry season is ideal for orchids, bouganvilleas, queen of the night, as well as the beautiful trees that only flower during this season.

Costa Rica can boast of being one of the countries with more territory dedicated to its conservation in the form of protected areas such as: Forest reserves, biological reserves, wildlife refuges, and of course the National Parks. Those are good reasons why many Europeans and North Americans, beyond visiting, make this country their home, sinedo about 1% of the Costa Rican population.
Where is Costa Rica located?
Location of Costa Rica

Costa Rica Location Next to El Salvador, Costa Rica is one of the smallest countries in Central America, located between latitudes 8 ° 03 ‘and 11 ° 13’ North Latitude, and longitudes 82 ° 32 ‘and 86 ° West. Bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west, it has a total of 1290 kilometers of coastline, 212 kilometers on the Atlantic coast and 1016 kilometers on the Pacific coast. The Pacific coast presents a series of irregularities such as peninsulas, gulfs and bays. This circumstance facilitates the establishment of ports and tourist development. On the other hand, the Caribbean coast is regular, but inappropriate for this type of facilities.

Costa Rica borders Nicaragua to the north, with a total of 302 kilometers of border line and to the southeast limits with Panama its border reaches 639 kilometers. The area of ​​this Central American country is 51 100 square kilometers. The territorial waters of Costa Rica have a total area of ​​589 square kilometers.

Costa Rica is a mountainous country with many beautiful landscapes such as volcanoes or mountain ranges. Cerro Chirripó is the highest point with an elevation of 3819 meters above sea level. El Chirripó is the fifth highest mountain in Central America. The Irazú Volcano is the highest volcano in Costa Rica, with an elevation of 3430 meters above sea level.

Costa Rica also has numerous islands. Isla del Coco is a paradise of natural maritime wonders and is located 550 kilometers from Puntarenas. Isla del Coco has an area of ​​just under 24 square kilometers. The largest island in Costa Rica is Isla Calero with an area of ​​151.6 square kilometers. Costa Rica is also known for the protection of its natural resources with more than 20% of its territory being part of a protected area.

From the origins as an isthmic territory, it has been a biological bridge where different species of flora and fauna coexist, some belong to the Nearctic, the Neotropic and some to the Western Indian. Due to this biodiversity some life zones have existed, including coastal views at sea level and some desert landscapes at 3000 meters of altitude.

The country’s biodiversity allows for an internal study of about 360 different species of reptiles and amphibians (150 amphibians and 210 reptiles), approximately 850 species of birds (625 nesting birds and 225 are migratory), more than 205 species of mammals, including bats. and other non-winged mammals.

Area: 51,100 km2
Geographic Division

Costa Rica is divided into 7 provinces: Alajuela, Cartago, Guanacaste, Heredia, Limón, Puntarenas, & San José (Capital of the country).

Here, the geography compresses a surprising amount of animal and plant life within a modest area of ​​50 900 km2, an area comparable in size to Denmark or West Virginia. Within this tiny nation is an amazing 5%